The Tubular Cast On is ideal for projects that begin with ribbing. It creates a tidy stretchy edge, which makes it a perfect choice for hats, cuffs, necklines, sweater bottoms, and anywhere else you need a stretchy edge. And it’s reversible – it looks the same on the front and back.
There are several methods of knitting this cast on, but I prefer the Waste Yarn Tubular Cast On, which is what I will teach you in this tutorial. The other common method of doing the Tubular Cast On is similar to the Long Tail Cast On, but more complicated. I prefer the Waste Yarn Tubular Cast because it:
- Requires less coordination and is easier to remember
- Creates more consistent stitches
- Can be done on a single point or circular needle. The long tail method is generally done on a single point needle then transferred to a circular needle for knitting in the round. This is because it’s very difficult to ensure that the long tail tubular cast on is not twisted when done on a circular needle.
The Tubular Cast On is most often used for 1×1 ribbing. With one extra step, it can be modified for 2×2 ribbing.
The Tubular Cast On is worked flat, but can be used for flat or in-the-round projects. When the cast on is finished, it looks like 2 rows of ribbing. Therefore, in some patterns, you can skip the first 2 rows of ribbing.
In this video, I demonstrate the Tubular Cast On in the Continental style of knitting. But don’t worry if you are an English style knitter. The stitches are simple and written instructions follow the video.
How to Knit the Waste Yarn Tubular Cast On
Some knitters prefer to use a needle one or 2 sizes smaller than their project needle to do this cast on to prevent the edge from flaring. If you use a smaller needle, remember to change to your project needle after row 5 of the cast on.
This cast on is unique because it requires a provisional cast on which is ultimately ripped out, then the Tubular Cast On is comprised of 5 easy rows of knitting.
Step 1: The Provisional Cast On
Do a provisional cast on with waste yarn. A provisional cast on is one that will be ripped out – that’s why we use waste yarn for it. I prefer the Provisional Crochet Cast On, which you can learn here.
- For patterns that have an even number of cast on stitches, cast on half of the required number of stitches plus one stitch using a provisional cast on. For example, if your pattern has 30 stitches, 30/2=15. You would cast on 16 stitches.
- For patterns that have an odd number of stitches, cast on half the required number of stitches by rounding up. For example, if your pattern has 21 stitches, 21/2=10.5. You would cast on 11 stitches.
Step 2: The Tubular Cast On
Change to your working yarn and begin the Tubular Cast On, which consists of 5 rows. Leave a little extra length on your tail if you will be knitting in the round. You’ll need it to close the small 2-row gap between the beginning and the end of the round.
Always hold your yarn in front when you slip a stitch.
Row 1: Using the working yarn, (k1, yo) across, ending with k1
Row 2: (sl1, k1) across, ending with sl1
Row 3: (k1, sl1) across, ending with k1
Rows 4 & 5: Repeat rows 2 & 3
Notice that you are always slipping the purls and knitting the knits (knitting the yo’s in the first row).
Why 5 rows? You could transition to ribbing after row 3 of the cast on, but the edge is wimpier. Doing all 5 rows produces a nice round, sturdy edge.
Step 3: Transition to (k1, p1) Ribbing
This cast on creates one extra stitch for most patterns, so you need to decrease one stitch in the first row of ribbing. The easiest way to do this is to k2tog or p2tog at the beginning or end of the row/round to match your pattern ribbing. It varies depending on whether you are knitting flat or in-the-round and whether your pattern starts the row/round with a knit or purl.
If you are adept at reading your knitting, you’ll be able to figure this out intuitively. If not, I’ve outlined in this table specifically how to knit the first row of ribbing if you have an extra stitch:
|Ribbing Starts with a Knit Stitch||Ribbing starts with a Purl Stitch|
|Knitting Flat||k2tog, p, (k, p) across||(p, k) to last 3 sts, p, k2tog|
|Knitting In the Round||(k, p) to the last 3 sts, k, p2tog||p2tog, k, (p, k) around **|
After this slight modification to the first row/round, follow your pattern as instructed.
Other ways to do the Tubular Cast On
There are ways to modify the Tubular Cast On. Because this tutorial is already long, I am not going to elaborate on them here. However, there are 2 worth mentioning:
- This cast on can be modified for 2×2 ribbing by reorienting the stitches into the 2×2 pattern as you knit the transition row.
- There are other stitch patterns for the Tubular Cast On. One popular one is to start with a yo in row 1, and does not require casting on the extra stitch in the provisional cast on so you won’t have an extra stitch to deal with in the transition row/round if the pattern has an even number of stitches. If it has an odd number of stitches, you have to round up for the provisional cast on, so you would have an extra stitch to deal with.
- Row 1: (yo, k) across
- Rows 2-5: (sl, k) across
- The transition row will start with a purl stitch
The Tubular Bind Off
The Tubular Bind Off matches the Tubular Cast On perfectly. Check out this tutorial to learn how to do the Tubular Bind Off.
Want to Try the Tubular Cast On?
Our Brady the Snowman knit along is a fantastic little project for practicing the Tubular Cast On. Check it out at https://knitalongclub.com/course/brady/.